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Multiple Sclerosis is a common cause of neurological disability in young persons and affects about 1 in 1000 Australians. Whilst the cause of MS is unknown, it is thought that an environmental trigger (such as a virus) tricks the immune system into attacking the lining around nerves (myelin sheath). Patients with this condition can demonstrate difficulties with vision, speech, balance and mobility. The condition may wax and wane over many years.


The diagnosis is established by a combination of neurological assessment and MRI scanning. Whilst there is no cure for MS, some reasonably effective therapies are available. Treatment options include medications which modulate the immune system which result in the control of inflammation to try and limit damage.