This term refers to a type of test performed in neurology, most commonly a nerve conduction study (NCS) and an electromyogram (EMG). Sometimes, both tests are performed.

Other types of neurophysiology tests include electroencephalogram (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs) and vestibular function tests (VFTs). These services are not provided within MGV and patients are referred to an alternate facility to have these studies performed.

Any doctor can order neurophysiology tests, but most commonly these tests are ordered by a neurologist. Neurophysiology testing is complicated, and requires specialised training to perform and to interpret test results.